Woman of a strong sex drive (part 2)

Not long ago I published a post WOMAN OF A STRONG SEX DRIVE (PART 1).
It is about a Russian woman who became a muse and a lover of many talented people and after 1929 became known to the world as Gala Dali.
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I continued to research her biography. First of all, I wanted to know how Elena Ivanovna Diakonova became Gala. I found from RUSSIA: PAST AND PRESENT that her first husband poet Paul Eluard was inspired by her “ardour, decisiveness, resoluteness, and high culture”. “He nicknamed her Gala from the French word meaning “triumph, festival”.
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Now, in 1929 Eluard, Gala and their 11 years old daughter Cecile visited a Catalonian artist Salvador Dali at his place in Cadaqués. Some sources say that Gala and Salvador, who was 10 years younger, fell passionately in love with each other, that she was his lover, his muse, his only female model.
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Let’s consider some facts.
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In 1929 Salvador Dali was 25 years old. In DALI”S DEMON BRIDE John Richardson wrote: “Dali was …a virgin when they met, who feared female private parts, and in a very close relationship with the poet Federico Garcia Lorca”. The artist had already heard about Gala’s activities, “…but his first sight of her in a bathing suit, on the sacrosanct beach of his childhood, left him bewitched. Gala was the demonic dominatrix of his dreams.”
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On the other hand, Gala was 35 years old, married and had affairs with many men. Richardson writes: “… she was in the market for another celebrity husband. And in the 25-year-old Dali she found … someone who shared her passion for money, power, and notoriety, but also someone whose latest paintings, with their references to Freud and Sade and their meticulous, Vermeer-like finish, were destined to have an instant succes de scandale.”
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Gala divorced Paul Eluard and from 1929 was always with Salvador. In 1934 they married in a civil ceremony. In 1958 they remarried in a Catholic ceremony.
SALVADOR & GALA IN 1930. Courtesy of Dali museum.

SALVADOR & GALA IN 1930. Courtesy of Dali museum.

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From Wikipedia: “She was Dalí’s muse, directly inspiring and appearing in many of his works.
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In the early 1930s, Dalí started to sign his paintings with his and her name as “(i)t is mostly with your blood, Gala, that I paint my pictures”. He stated that Gala acted as his agent, and aided in redirecting his focus. …

Gala had a strong sex drive and throughout her life had numerous extramarital affairs (among them with her former husband Paul Eluard), which Dali encouraged, since he was a practitioner of candaulism. She had a fondness for young artists, and in her old age she often gave expensive gifts to those who associated with her.

In 1968, Dalí bought Gala her own separate castle in Púbol, Girona, where she would spend time every summer from 1971-1980. He also agreed not to visit there without getting advance permission from her in writing.

In her late seventies, Gala had a relationship and bond with millionaire multi-platinum rock singer Jeff Fenholt… Fenholt acted as a business representative for the Dalis in America.”

Gala died in Port Lligat in 1982, aged 87.

Many sources stress that Gala was Salvador’s business manager and advertiser. She told him what to do and managed to get a lot of money that both liked very much.

More Salvador Dali’s quotes +

I am working on a second post about Gala and Salvador Dali. I am reading what I found about them and trying to understand what really motivated both.

I’ll tell you soon about their relationship from my point of view (based on available information).

Some people asked me why it is necessary to know about lives of famous people.

My answer is simple: we must learn about people as much as possible because it can decide our fates. Today one person can be responsible for what happens with millions or billions people.

Just remember the Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962. At that time we were very close to the nuclear war.

Not long ago we learned that relationships between men and women can have very serious effect on the fate of our country (remember the presidential candidate Edwards and the head of CIA general Petraeus).

When I read today about people who want to become President of my country I ask myself: “Why do they think that they are capable? What motivates them? How can we decide who is the best person for the job?”

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I am not strange. I am just not normal.

A true artist is not one who is inspired, but one who inspires others.

One day it will have to be officially admitted that what we have christened reality is an even greater illusion than the world of dreams.

People love mystery, and that is why they love my paintings.

It is not necessary for the public to know whether I am joking or whether I am serious, just as it is not necessary for me to know it myself.

Let my enemies devour each other.

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Salvador Dali’s quotes

The photo of Salvador Dali below shot by Carl Van Vechter in 1934 (courtesy of Wikimedia Commons).

Intelligence without ambition is a bird without wings.

Have no fear of perfection – you’ll never reach it.

Each morning when I awake, I experience again a supreme pleasure – that of being Salvador Dali.

In order to acquire a growing and lasting respect in society, it is a good thing, if you possess great talent, to give, early in your youth, a very hard kick to the right shin of the society that you love. After that, be a snob.

I don’t do drugs. I am drugs.

Painting is an infinitely minute part of my personality.

Liking money like I like it, is nothing less than mysticism. Money is a glory.

What is a television apparatus to man, who has only to shut his eyes to see the most inaccessible regions of the seen and the never seen, who has only to imagine in order to pierce through walls and cause all the planetary Baghdads of his dreams to rise from the dust.

Woman of a strong sex drive (part 1)

1gala

She was Russian. Her name was Elena Ivanovna Diakonova.

She was born in 1894 in Kazan but spent her childhood in Moscow.

Her father died when she was eleven years old. Her mother, who had three more children, then married a lawyer. He loved his wife and her children very much.

Elena was a brilliant student.  She completed her studies at the M.G. Brukhonenko academy for young women with a very high average mark.

Unfortunately, she had tuberculosis and in 1912 her family moved her into the Clavadel sanatorium in Switzerland.

In the sanatorium she met a French guy of her age and they fell in love. Both of them were discharged in 1914 and went to their countries but in 1917 they met in Paris and married. The following year their daughter Cecile was born.

Her husband Paul Eluard became a poet and was close to the leading figures of the surrealist movement: Andre Breton, Philippe Soupault and Louis Aragon.

“In 1921 Éluard and Gala visited artist Max Ernst in Cologne (Germany). She became his model and lover, at the same time remaining the wife of Paul Éluard. Next year the artist moved to Éluard’s house in Val-d’Oise (France). The love triangle was not in the least concealed.”
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Max Ernst painted her in a number of portraits.
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In 1929 Elena met her future second husband, a painter. He was introduced to Paul Eluard by Camille Goemans, a Belgian poet and gallery owner.

When the painter met Elena it was love at first sight. He wrote: “She was destined to be my Gradiva (the name comes from the title of a novel by W. Jensen, the main character of which was Sigmund Freud; Gradiva was the book’s heroine and it was her who brought psychological healing to the main character), the one who moves forward, my victory, my wife”.

The name of the painter was Salvador Dali. His future wife, muse and female model became known to the world as Gala Dali.